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Neighborhood Indicators


Note: The indicators listed below are based on Census 2000 data and City GIS data existing prior to 2009. Data source and date are listed at the bottom of each page for reference.

What is an Indicator?

Indicators are small bits of information that reflect the status of a larger system. An effective indicator or set of indicators help a community determine where it is, where it is going, and how far it is from chosen goals. Neighborhood indicators help evaluate what conditions exist and whether the direction the neighborhood is headed is consistent with the goals related to the City of Roanoke’s Comprehensive Plan. Indicators measure conditions within a neighborhood and can be used as a reporting tool to help build consensus for community action.

Indicators package data in a form that allows for easy accessibility to information. City officials, residents, community organizations, and other interested parties can look at a package of indicators and be able to get a sense of the neighborhood’s status, how it has changed over time, and what effect certain polices have had. With this information, decisions and policies to institute change and to meet goals can be more easily and efficiently developed.

Developing a Neighborhood Indicators Project for the City of Roanoke

Roanoke’s Vision 2001-2020 Comprehensive Plan calls for the development of “indicators for neighborhood health and sustainability”. The intent of this project is to create a tool that can be used in neighborhood planning by providing accessible data. Having a readily available and updated list of indicators that suggest neighborhood trends is a valuable tool because it allows planners to monitor the state of a neighborhood’s health and sustainability and make policy decisions accordingly. Monitoring neighborhood health also allows planners to realize areas of success or failure, aiding the goal of positive neighborhood growth and change. Planners can use indicators to coordinate planning efforts with communities by using them as a reference for policy decisions, giving residents a clear indication of policy functions and goals.

Full Report:

Neighborhood Indicators Report 26 MB

Indicators by Category:

General Demographics

Population Density
Racial Composition
Age Distribution


Total Number of Dwelling Units
Tenure (Owner Occupied vs. Renter Occupied)
Housing Type (Units in Structure)
Median Year Structure Built
Median Dwelling Value (Owner Occupied Units)
Median Contract Rent (Renter Occupied Units)
Conservation and Rehabilitation Districts


Median Household Income
Per Capita Income
Education Levels (High School/College Degree)
Unemployment Rate
Enterprise Zone Coverage

Community Involvement

Voting Precincts
Average Voter Turnout
Community Organization Map
Level of Involvement by Community Organizations

Public Safety

Geographic Policing Zones
Property Crime Rate
Violent Crime Rate

Mobility and Service Access

Access to Goods and Services
Library Access
Transit Access
Connectivity of Street System
Location of Parks and Public Open Space
Park and Public Open Space Access
Existing Greenway Access
Commute Time
Sidewalk System

Neighborhood Environment

New Housing Starts
Acres of Forest Cover and Percent Forest Cover
Abandon Vehicle Violations
Rental Property Maintenance Violations
Weeds and Trash Violations
Graffiti Violations
Zoning Violations
Number of Parcels/Vacant Parcels